Following an assessment framework allows teams to work together in a systematic way in order to find the best solution for every child. Assessment frameworks also help by providing access to resources such as forms that guide thinking, activities to try
during assessment and ways of measuring success and progression.
This framework was initially developed
by David Beukleman and Pat Mirenda in 1988 and was endorsed by the American Speech and Hearing Association (ASHA) in 2004. It provides a strong, systematic approach to AAC assessments and intervention.
The participation model is seen through a flow diagram that includes the following steps:
Assessing opportunity barriers
E.g. policy, attitude, skills of team who support the child
Assessing access barriers
E.g. current communication, potential to use AAC, potential to improve speech
Plan and implement interventions for today and tomorrow
E.g. providing training to the child and to the team
Is the person participating in their life using their AAC?
"SETT is an acronym for Student, Environments, Tasks and Tools. The SETT Framework is based on the premise that in order to develop an appropriate system of Tools (supports –devices, services, strategies, accommodations,
modifications, etc.) teams must first develop a shared understanding of the student, the customary environments in which the student spends time, and the tasks that are required for the student to be able to do or learn to do to be an active
participant in the teaching/learning processes that lead to educational success." Joy Smiley Zabala, Ed. D., ATP
"The goal of the SETT Framework is to help collaborative teams create Student-centered, (Self) Environmentally-useful, and Tasks-focused Tool systems that foster participation and achievement."